We have watched with horror in recent years as sites built by our ancestors across the Middle East, some over 6,000 years old, have been needlessly looted and destroyed as a sign of intolerance of different beliefs. In a time of crisis, some argue a choice must be made between saving lives and saving culture. But that is a false choice.
Heritage is an essential element of who we are, as a people and as individuals; who are we without music, traditions, literature, relics, and religious and archaeological sites that unite us? As groups like ISIL crossed Iraq and Syria, these terrorists realized that attacking heritage is a means to break the spirit of a population. Irina Bokova, former director-general of UNESCO, has eloquently noted that to counter religious extremism, acceptance of our diverse past, our culture, must be a part of any effective peace-building strategy. Those who believe in freedom of expression and religion should understand her message.
It is not just the terrorists who are trafficking in these illicit antiquities. Organized criminal gangs are profiting from wide-scale and systematic looting, or cultural racketeering. The FBI notes that this global crime benefits criminals in the billions of dollars every year. These operatives run global networks from Bulgaria to Shanghai, Bogota to Jerusalem, Istanbul to Tokyo. The United States is one of the top destinations in the world for these “blood antiquities.” They are in auction houses, in private collections, and on the internet.
I have also witnessed first-hand the looting of well-known sites in Egypt. After the Revolution of 2011, the security system broke down, which led to mass looting in a country home to some of history’s most well-known stories: the pyramids, the child King Tut, and Cleopatra’s ill-fated love, all of which are intrinsic parts of the collective human narrative. Satellite imagery showed previously pristine sands pockmarked with looter pits as thieves scavenged for treasure. As we walked around the sites, the ground was littered with mummy wrappings, broken pottery, and pieces of wood from sarcophagi, signaling that criminals had found intact tombs.
These valuable antiquities, ripped from their resting ground, are showing up for sale in leading world markets; some demand prices up into the millions. But the money does not go back to the local people, who might be justified in looting to support their family. Instead, 95% of the profits go to the middleman or the criminal networks.
The Antiquities Coalition is a non-partisan, not-for-profit that brings together a diverse group of dedicated experts who have joined together against this crime. Working across the sectors of policy, economics, academia, and business, we develop innovative solutions to combat cultural racketeering.
Cultural racketeering is a global problem that requires a global solution. And we want it to stop now!
Chairman and Cofounder
Watch her interview on the Antiquities Coalition.